Hall at the Morristown National Historical Park
The Wick House served as officers quarters during each of the
Continetal Army's encampments at Morristown, New Jersey.
The Wick House in the Morristown National Historical Park served
as the quarters of Major Joseph
Bloomfield of the Third New Jersey Regiment during the winter
of 1776-1777. Later, it also served as the winter headquarters of
General Arthur St. Clair in
1779 through 1780. The Continental Army spent that winter camped
on the Wick and Kimbel Farms approximately four miles southwest
The Wick House was built between 1747 and 1750 by Henry Wick.
The property was purchased in 1746 was known as the Dick Tract.
Henry Wick and his family migrated from Long Island and the construction
of the Wick House mirrors the style of their origin. Settlers
were attracted to the Morris County by good farmland, the virgin
timber supply, and deposits of iron ore. Henry Wick's main crop
was trees which brought him his wealth.
The Wick home is an example of the "integral lean-to"
style of New England. This type of design may start as a simple
rectangle with a fireplace and chimney across one wall. As a family
grew, the house would be expanded on the other side of the chimney.
Eventually, a second floor may be added. The Wick home is only
one story with an attic. The Chimney was probably replaced around
1848 as evidenced by that date on an oven door. The Wick House
was restored to near original condition in 1934.
The Wick House was known as Wick Hall because of its timber frame
construction and its large size. Most homesteads in this area
were constructed of logs, but the Wicks were well to do and their
wood home reflected that prosperity. Wood was an unusual building
material in pioneering days in Morris county. In the northern
and eastern counties, stone was common while brick was the main
building material near the Delaware River.
Captain Henry Wick owned the home and farm including 1400 acres
of timber and open field. He served with a company of the Morris
county calvary. The calvary's mission was to protect Governor
Livingston and the Privy Council. A short story survives to this
day about the Wick family and the Pennsylvania troop encampment:
In 1781, the Pennsylvania soldiers under Captain Anthony Wayne
mutinied. Mrs. Wick was ill at the time and Temperance Wick,
known locally as Temp, was sent to get her brother-in-law, Dr.
Leddel. Upon returning on her horse, several soldiers stopped
her and made her dismount, telling Temp that they needed her
horse. Temp played a trick on the soldiers and escaped with
her horse. When she returned to the house, she hid the horse
in a bedroom using a feather bed to muffle the sound of the
horses hooves. Shortly thereafter, the soldiers came looking
for the horse and searched the barn and in the woods surrounding
the home, never thinking that the horse could be inside the
house. In one version of this story, the horse remained hidden
in the home for three weeks.
The Wick House is part of the Morristown National Historic Park
in Morristown, New Jersey. It is usually open from 9:30 am til
4:30 pm depending on staff availability. Morristown National Historic
Park is administered by the National Park Service, U.S. Department
of the Interior.
and Morristown Photo Gallery
Historic American Buildings Survey, Seymour Williams,
Rahway, New Jersey
Mansion Photo Gallery - Photos of the interior
and exterior of Dey Mansion in Wayne, New Jersey
House Photo Gallery - Photos of the interior and
exterior of the Wick House in Morristown, New Jersey
Bloomfield - Revolutionary War leader and New
Jersey's fourth governor
Paterson - Statesman and New Jersey's second governor
St. Clair - General of the Continental Army
New Jersey Constitution - First constitution of
the state of New Jersey
of Northern New Jersey - Historic and other maps
of Northern New Jersey
rt23.com's North Jersey Directory for Museums and Historical
rt23.com's North Jersey Events Calendar
Reader's Companion to American History by Eric Foner (Editor),
John A. Garraty (Editor), Houghton Mifflin,1991
Time, Tempe Wick? by Patricia Lee Gauch, Margot Tomes,
Depicts the indomitable spirit of a young girl, Tempe
Wick, as she saves her beloved horse from the mutinous
soldiers of Jockey Hollow during the American Revolution.
Childrens Book, ages 4-8.